Abraham Lincoln



Тип: реферат

Язык: английский

Дата добавления: 11.05.2012

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1. Introduction page ……………..3
2. Early Life page ……………….3
3. Ancestry page …………………4
4. Childhood page ………………….6
5. Young Manhood page …………………..6
6. Politics and Law page …………….6
7. Illinois Legislator page ……………6
8. Marriage page ………………6
9. Congressman page ……………7
10. Disillusionment with Politics page……………..7
11. Return to Politics page ………………..8
12. Campaigns of 1856 and 1858 page ……………………8
13. Election of 1860 page ………………………9
14. Presidency page ………………….9
15. Sumter Crisis page ……………..10
16. Military Policy page ……………….11
17. Emancipation page  …………………..12
18. Foreign Relations page  ………………..12
19. Wartime Politics page13
20. Life in the White House page ………………..14
21. Reconstruction page ……………….14
22. Death page  …………………..15
23. Source page ……………..16

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 16th PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Lincoln entered office at a critical period in U. S. history, just before the Civil War, and died from an assassin’s bullet at the war’s end, but before the greater implications of the conflict could be resolved. He brought to the office personal integrity, intelligence, and humanity, plus the wholesome characteristics of his frontier upbringing. He also had the liabilities of his upbringing—he was self-educated, culturally unsophisticated, and lacking in administrative and diplomatic skills. Sharp-witted, he was not especially sharp-tongued, but was noted for his warm good humor. Although relatively unknown and inexperienced politically when elected president, he proved to be a consummate politician. He was above all firm in his convictions and dedicated to the preservation of the Union.
Lincoln was perhaps the most esteemed and maligned of the American presidents. Generally admired and loved by the public, he was attacked on a partisan basis as the man responsible for and in the middle of every major issue facing the nation during his administration. Although his reputation has fluctuated with changing times, he was clearly a great man and a great president. He firmly and fairly guided the nation through its most perilous period and made a lasting impact in shaping the office of chief executive.Once regarded as the «Great Emancipator» for his forward strides in freeing the slaves, he was criticized a century later, when the Civil Rights Movement gained momentum, for his caution in moving toward equal rights. If he is judged in the historical context, however, it can be seen that he was far in advance of most liberal opinion. His claim to greatness endures.