Биографии на английском языке

Biography of John Pershing / Биография Джона Першинга

John Joseph Pershing was born in a small town in Missouri. He chose to make the military his career. Pershing attended the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated in 1886. After graduation Pershing served as a cavalry officer. He led the campaign against the Native American Chief…

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Biography of Pope Benedict XVI / Биография Бенедикта XVI

His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI (in Latin Benedictus XVI) was born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on April 16, 1927. He is the 265th and current Pope, the bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. He was elected on April 19, 2005, in the 2005 papal conclave, over which…

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Biography of Nicholas of Cusa / Биография Николая Кузанского

1. Introduction Nicholas of Cusa (NC) (1401-1464) is one of the most prominent neo-platonic philosophers of the Renaissance. Son of a rich merchant, he studied liberal arts and canon law in Heidelberg (1416), Padua (1417-1423) and Cologne (1425-1426). His time in Padua let him breathe the free air of Italian…

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Biography of Andreas Carlstadt / Биография Андреаса Карлштадта

his fascinating and polemical theologian of the Reformation was born 1486 in Karlstadt, a small town on the River Main in the Franconia region of Germany. His academic studies were in Erfurt (1499/1500-3), Cologne (1503-5) and Wittenberg, where in 1510 he received the degree of Doctor of Theology. That same…

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Biography of Ulrich Zwingli / Биография Ульриха Цвингли

                      Was born at Wildhaus near Toggenburg in the canton of St Gall 1484 — within seven weeks of Luther’s birth Both Zwingli and Luther developed extra-ordinary musical talents; Zwingli spoke Schweizerdeutsch (Swiss-German); He taught himself Greek and Hebrew to better…

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Biography of Chris Watson / Биография Криса Уотсона

                      Chris Watson became the 3rd Prime Minister when the government of Alfred Deakin, a Protectionist, fell due to Labor’s refusal to support the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill. Member of Australian Labor Party 1900-16; Nationalist Party 1917-c1922. Member for Bland (NSW) in House…

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Biography of Edward Schreyer / Биография Эдварда Шрейера

While previous prime ministers had concerned themselves with the reconciliation of French and English culture in Canada, John Diefenbaker aspired to include those of other ethnic extractions in the national identity. Furthermore, he drew attention to the rights of Canada’s indigenous population, who had also been left out of the…

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Biography of Rudolf Schuster / Биография Рудольфа Шустера

Dr. h. c. Ing. Rudolf Schuster PhDr. narodeny 4. januara 1934 v Kosiciach je slovensky politik, prozaik, dramatik, scenarista, byvaly prezident Slovenskej republiky a v neposlednom rade naruzivy cestovatel. Vzdelanie ziskaval v Kosiciach, kde vystudoval Strednu priemyselnu skolu stavebnu, v rokoch 1954 – 1959 pokracoval v studiu na Slovenskej vysokej…

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Biography of Konrad Adenauer / Биография Конрада Аденауэра

Born in Catholic Cologne on 5 January 1876 Konrad Adenauer’s family was of humble background, but also one of order and discipline instilled by his father. His marriage in 1904 to the daughter of an influential Cologne family brought him into contact with local politicians, leading him to become active…

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Biography of Helmut Kohl / Биография Гельмута Кольта

Hans-Peter Schwarz was born in 1934 and is a professor of politics and contemporary history. His writings include two volumes on the Adenauer era in the History of the Federal Republic of Germany and the comprehensive two-volume Adenauer biography. He has been awarded numerous prizes, among them the Ernst Robert…

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Biography of Herbert Hoover / Биография Герберта Гувера

Herbert Clark Hoover was born in 1874 in West Branch, Iowa. He lived with his parents and two siblings in a small cottage. His father, Jesse, died of typhoid fever and his mother, Hulda, died of pneumonia, and Herbert became an orphan at age 10. He was raised by his…

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Biography of Dwight David Eisenhower / Биография Дуайта Дэвида Эйзенхауэра

Dwight David Eisenhower was born in Denison Texas in 1890, but grew to manhood in Abilene, Kansas. Ike (a nickname from grade school) was raised with five brothers in a modest, hard working family that had traditional values including trust, responsibility, respect, accountability, caring and good citizenship. It was in…

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Biography of Maria Sibylla Merian / Биография Марии Сибиллы Мерианы

Maria Sibylla Merian was a prominent German naturalist, an excellent artist — a painter, engraver and publisher. She is considered as one of the first entomologists, studying the metamorphosis of insects. She described a cycles of 186 species of insects and was a pioneer of scientific research expeditions. Her trip…

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Biography of James Lind / Биография Джеймса Линда

James Lind was a Scottish physician. He was a pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy. He developed the theory that citrus fruits cured scurvy . Besides his publications on scurvy (A Treatise on the Scurvy, 1753) Lind published essays on fevers and infections (1763), on diseases incidental to…

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Biography of Sir William Thomson, Baron Kelvin of Largs / Биография сэра Уильяма Томсона, барона Кельвина из Ларгс

It was June 24, 1824 in Belfast, Ireland, where university professor James Thomson and his wife, Margaret had their second son, William. Little did they suspect the many tragedies and triumphs that lay ahead for little William and the world-changing effect that his work in physics and engineering would have….

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Biography of Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier / Биография Антуана Лорана де Лавуазье

Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier (1743 – 1794) was a French scientist considered by many to be the father of modern chemistry. His most important experiments investigated the nature of ignition and combustion. While not having discovered any new substances in his lifetime, he improved laboratory methods and devised the system…

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Biography of Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford / Биография сэра Бенджамина Томпсона, графа Румфорда

Much of what we know today about heat began with the ideas of Count Rumford which he developed in the late eighteenth century in Munich, Germany. That, however, is not all for which Rumford is famous. He originated the study of human nutrition and the insulating properties of clothing, created…

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Biography of Augustin Bernard Mouchot / Биография Огюста Бернарда Мушо

Important things that we know today about solar energy are connected with one of the inventors of a 19th century Augustin Mouchot, his life and occupational career. He was French engineer, mathematician and physicist. He was a man of enormous imagination. Mouchot was drawn to the idea of finding alternative…

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Biography of James Prescott Joule / Биография Джеймса Прескотта Джоуля

James Prescott Joule, an ‘amateur’ scientist and inventor, combined brilliant scientific thinking and innovation with the brewer’s interest in highly accurate measurements. His findings and publications greatly improved the efficiency of many 19th century industrial machines and processes including steam engines, electric motors and transmission of electrical power. The principles…

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Biography of Georg Christoph Lichtenberg / Биография Георга Кристофа Лихтенберга

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg was one of the most interesting thinkers of the European Enlightenment. During his life, he was known mainly as an outstanding naturalist, art critic, a longtime professor in physics in the University of Gottingen, and the creator of the German experimental physics. He discovered famous figures that…

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