Биографии на английском языке

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Biography of Justus von Liebig / Биография Юстус фон Либих

Justus von Liebig (1803 – 1873) was a German chemist. He taught chemistry at the University of Giessen and the University of Munich. The University of Giessen currently bears his name. Liebig is called the father of fertilizers. He confirmed the hypothesis concerning the mineral nutrition of plants, which became…

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Biography of Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev / Биография Дмитрия Ивановича Менделеева

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834 – 1906) was a Russian chemist who became a professor at Saint Petersburg University. He is best known for identifying properties of elements and the creation of the periodic table of elements, which is still used today. Mendeleev devoted a great part of his life to…

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Biography of Democritus / Биография Демокрита

Democritus (460 – 370 BC) was a Greek philosopher and thinker. Known as the “laughing philosopher,” he was a supporter of extreme determinism and a main proponent of ancient materialism. Around 430 BC he presented an atomic theory of the cosmos and is now considered to be the “father of…

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Biography of John Dalton / Биография Джона Дальтона

John Dalton (1766 – 1844) was an English physicist and chemist, a teacher in Manchester and a professor at Oxford University. Dalton was a man of diverse interests, although his greatest achievements were in the field of chemistry. Dalton introduced atomic theory by explaining the law of constancy of chemical…

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Biography of Otto von Guericke / Биография Отто фон Герике

Otto von Guericke was born on 30th November 1602 in a wealthy middle-class family in Magdeburg. His family was the owner of many buildings in the city and also of manors nearby. At the age of 15, Otto enrolled the faculty of Art at the University of Leipzig. He interrupted…

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Biography of Leopold I / Биография Леопольда I

Leopold I was married three times and fathered a total of sixteen children, of whom only six survived into adulthood. His first marriage was to the infanta Margarita Teresa (1651– 1673) from the Spanish Habsburg line. Intended to consolidate the claim of the Austrian Habsburgs to the Spanish throne, the…

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Biography of Queen Victoria / Биография Королевы Виктории

Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) reigned from 1837 until 1901. Victoria was the daughter of the Duke of Kent and granddaughter of George III. Succeeding to the throne in 1837, she influenced foreign and domestic policies of successive governments, and her reign was the longest in British history. Queen Victoria…

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Biography of Alice Meynell / Биография Элисы Мейнелл

Alice Meynell (1847 – 1922) was an important poet, essayist, art critic, journalist and suffragist. Charles Dickens was a family friend, and her sister, the artist Lady Elizabeth Butler (known as Mimi) was famous for her paintings of military action scenes. Meynell was a well-known writer, contributing regularly to publications…

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Biography Hercules Brabazon Brabazon / Биография Геркулеса Барбазона Барбазона

Hercules Brabazon Brabazon (1821 – 1906), became financially independent in 1840 when he inherited his uncle’s fortune and took on the name Brabazon. He devoted his life to travel, the study of art both contemporary and the old masters. He was an amateur landscape and still life watercolourist, who produced…

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Biography of Octavia Hill / Биография Октавия Хилла

Octavia Hill (1838 – 1912) was educated at home by a progressive mother and influenced by her grandfather a noted health reformer. Aged fourteen she worked alongside her mother at the Ladies Guild, supervising the socially deprived girls who also worked there, becoming aware of their appalling housing conditions. Hill…

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Biography of John Singer Sargent / Биография Джона Сингера Сарджента

John Singer Sargent (1856 – 1925) is considered to be the greatest portrait painter of his time because he combines elegance with a keen eye for distinctive details that convey the essential characteristics of a sitter. Acclaimed on both sides of the Atlantic, he was closely connected to many of…

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Biography of Edward VII / Биография Эдуарда VII

In this paper Professor Ridley gave us a preview of part of her much-anticipated biography of Edward VII. She suggested that Queen Victoria and her eldest son had very different attitudes towards the historical record. Although the widowed Victoria deliberately withdrew from the public gaze, she took it for granted…

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Biography of Marie Antoinette / Биография Марии Антуанетты

As a young Austrian archduchess Marie Antoinette’s future was arranged for her and in 1770, aged 14,she was despatched to France to wed the French Dauphin, the awkward Louis, in a ceremony of pomp and splendour. Showered with jewels, fine clothes and admiration, she indulged in all the riches Versailles had…

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Biography of Maria Theresia / Биография Марии Терезии

The 18th century was a time in which kings wrote the history of Europe. However, Maria Theresa of Austria emerged as a strong and powerful queen. She bravely defended Austria during a Prussian invasion and launched a series of domestic improvements that helped her people. With no male heir, King…

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Biography of George Frideric Handel / Биография Георга Фридриха Генделя

Handel was born in Halle, Germany, on February 23, 1685. He showed interest in music, but was not encouraged to develop it. His father hated music, considering it a pastime that showed weakness of character. He wanted his son to have the financially secure career of a lawyer and therefore…

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Biography of Pope John Paul II / Биография Папы Иоанна Павла II

Pope John Paul II was born Karol Jozef Wojtyla on May 18, 1920, in Wadowice, a small town about 30 miles from Krakow in the south of Poland. On April 2, 2005, beset by many infirmities and after a protracted illness, the Holy Father passed into eternity. In between, the…

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Biography of Catherine II / Биография Екатерины II

Catherine the Great was born a German princess in the city of Stettin, Germany, which is now part  of Poland. Her name at birth was Sophie. When Sophie was 14, Czarina Elizabeth, Empress of Russia, chose her to marry Peter, the successor to Russia’s throne. Sophie changed her name to Catherine and converted to the…

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Biography of Karl Marx / Биография Карла Маркса

Dates of Birth and Death: (∗) 5 May 1818 in Trier, Kingdom of Prussia, today Germany (†) 14 March 1883 in London, England Family Data: Marx was born as the third child of the lawyer Heinrich Marx (1777-1838) and Henrietta Marx (1788-1863). Both parents were originally Jews with a long line of…

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Biography of Friedrich Engels / Биография Фридриха Энгельса

Partnered with Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels is acknowledged as the co-founder of communism, a revolutionary thinker in his own right who wrote on a wide range of topics, from economics to history to literature. From «Engels, Friedrich.» Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2001. German political economist Friedrich Engels was a co-founder, with…

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Biography of Adolf Hitler / Биография Адольфа Гитлера

Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria. His mother seems to have been a kind woman. His strict father was an Austrian government worker. Hitler was almost constantly fighting with his father. Against his father’s wishes, he went to Vienna as a young man to study art. He was refused entrance…

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