топик Joseph Stalin



Pre-Reading Warm Up Questions

  1. Do you know when the Russian revolution took place?
  2. What is a dictator?
  3. Why did Eastern Europe become Communist after the Second World War?
  4. Do you know when and how long Joseph Stalin was leader of the Soviet Union?

Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953.

Stalin was born in Georgia, a mountainous country in Asia. It later became part of the Soviet Union. He studied to be a priest, but was expelled from the seminary in 1899. He became a revolutionary , instead. He joined the Bolshevik Party in 1903 and took part in the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Russian monarchy was defeated
and Russia became part of the Soviet Union.

In 1922, Stalin became the general secretary of the Russian Communist Party. He spent the next five years defeating his political rivals and becoming very powerful. By 1928, he was the dictator of the Soviet Union.
Over the next five years, he took control of the Soviet Union’s farm lands and manufacturing industries. Millions of peasant farmers died when this happened. They either died of hunger or were executed by Stalin’s troops. In the 1930s, Stalin had anyone he considered to be an enemy of his government killed, put in jail, or expelled from the country.

In 1938, Stalin agreed not to go to war against Nazi Germany. But after the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, Stalin became an ally of Great Britain and the United States. He took part in war conferences and planning. When the Nazis were defeated in 1945, Stalin was given control of East Germany and other freed countries in Eastern Europe.

Stalin continued his harsh treatment of his own people until his death in 1953. He also supported other Communist countries and worked to destroy democracies in the West.

In 1956, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union criticized Stalin’s policies and his brutal treatment of its people. Many of the victims of his policies were helped and the leaders of the Soviet Union worked to free the country from Stalin’s influence.

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