топик Theft

Theft (or larceny) is probably the most common crime i n volving a criminal intent. The crime of grand larceny in some U.S. jurisdictions consists of stealing more than a specified amount. The traditional def i- nition of theft specified the physical removal of an object that was cap a- ble of being stolen, without the consent of the owner and with the inte n- tion of depriving the ow n er of it forever.

In many legal systems the old definition has been found to be i n- adequate to deal with modern forms of property that may not be phys i- cal or tangible (a bank balance, for instance, or data stored on a co m- put er), and more sophisticated definitions of theft have been adopted in modern legislation. The di s tinction that the common law made between theft (taking without consent) and fraud (obtaining with consent, as a result of dece p tion) has been preserved in man y modern laws, but the two crimes are rarely regarded as mutually e x clusive, as they were in the past. Burglary is the crime of breaking into a dwelling or into a building by night with intent to commit a felony or to steal things. The essence of burglary is normally the entry into a felony or to steal things.

The e s- sence of burglary is no r mally the entry into a building with a criminal intent. Entry without the i n tent to commit a crime is merely a trespass , which is not criminal in many jurisdictions. A l t hough the motivation of most burglars is theft, but it is possible, for instance, to commit burglary with i n tent to rape.


Notes :

grand larceny – похищение имущества в крупных размерах;

burglary – ночная кража со взломом (противоправное проникновение в помещение с умыслом совершить в нем фелонию или кражу);

sophisticated – утонченный;

trespass – нарушение владения;

tangible – осязаемый

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (6 votes, average: 4,67 out of 5)