топик The Russian Federation



The Russian Federation (Russia) is the world’s largest country in area. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea and from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean. It is located in Europe and Asia. Its total area is over 17 million square kilometres. Russia borders many countries, such as Finland, the Ukrain, the Baltic States, China, Mongolia, and others.

The surface of Russia is various. You can see lowlands and highlands, forests and wide grasslands on its territory. There are many rivers and lakes in our country. Lake Baikal in Siberia is the world’s deepest lake.

There are different climatic zones on the vast area of our country.

Russia has abundant natural resources. Three quarters of the mineral wealth are concentrated in Siberia and in the Far East.

The population of Russia is over 143 million people. Most of Russia’s people are ethnic Russians, but more than 100 minority nationalities also live in our country. The official language is Russian. The capital of Russia is Moscow.

The head of the state is the President, who is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The head of the government is the Prime Minister.

The Russian flag has three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red. Besides the flag, there is another national symbol of Russia. It is a two-headed eagle.

 

1. Fill in the missing words in the following sentences; the first letter of each word has been given to help you.

1. Russia b… many different countries.
2. On the vast Russia area you can see wide g… .
3. Lake Baikal in Siberia is the world’s d… lake.
4. Russia has a… natural resources.
5. Most of m… wealth are concentrated in Siberia and in the Far East.
6. The head of the g… is the Prime Minister.
7. The national s… of Russia is a two-headed eagle.

 

2. Agree or disagree with the following statements; add some more information.

1. Russia borders many countries.
2. The area of the Russian Federation is not large.
3. The surface is the same on the vast territory of Russia.
4. Russia has abundant natural resources.
5. More than 160 million people live in Russia.

 

3. Complete the following sentences.

1. The Russian Federation is … .
2. It extends … .
3. Russia borders … .
4. Its total area is … .
5. The population of Russia is … .
6. The capital of the country is … .
7. The head of the state is … .
8. The Russian flag has … .

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