топик The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island (the UK)

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island is situated on the British Isles not far from Europe. It consists of the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of Ireland and a great number of small islands, such as the Orkneys, the Hebrides, the Isle of White and many others.

If you look at the map of Europe you will see that Great Britain is not large. It takes 6 hours to travel by a fast train, from London, the capital of England, to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. And the journey from London to Plymouth takes a little over than 4 hours by train.

There are four parts of Great Britain: England, which capital is London; Scotland, which capital is Edinburgh; Wales, which capital is Cardiff and Northern Island, which capital is Belfast. Great Britain lies not far from the continent. It is separated from Europe by the North Sea and the English Channel. The Channel in its narrowest part known as The Strait of Dover is only 32 kilometres.

Great Britain has a very good geographical position, as it lies on the crossways of the sea routes from Europe to other parts of the world.

The sea connects Britain with most European countries such as: Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway, Russia and many other countries. The main sea route from Europe to America also passed through the Channel.

British climate is mild and damp. It often rains; fogs are quite frequent, especially in the west and south-west. The Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current, warms the seas around the British coast, moderating the climate. This results in cool summers and mild winters. The temperature in winter seldom falls below zero and fields and meadows are green all the year round.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)