Чтение, понимание содержания.

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Чтение, понимание содержания.

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Вопрос 1
A: Can you swim?
B: Yes, … .
A: At times? This sounds strange. When?
B: Yes, at times — when I`m … .
A
at times/in the water
B
I can/going to swim
C
I can/sent to bathe
D
I couid/twelve years old
E
he will/sorry of him
Пояснение к вопросу 1: 
at times = временами, по временам, порой, время от времени
Вопрос 2
Rita asked if I could give Paul a ride home. Who needed a ride?
A
Paul did
B
I did
C
Rita did
D
Paul and Rita did
E
Paul and I did
Пояснение к вопросу 2: 
give someone a ride = подвезти кого-либо
Вопрос 3
What
he says is clear and is obviously well-prepared, and this, among other
things, has earned him the high regard of his colleagues. How do his
colleagues feel about him?
A
They are jealous of him
B
They don`t understand him
C
They ignore him
D
They respect him
E
His colleagues feel ashamed
Пояснение к вопросу 3: 
regard и respect = уважение, расположение, почет
Вопрос 4
Whereas
Golden`s books became increasingly grim and gloomy as he grew older,
Turin had never written a serious book or had the least desire to do so.
Dod Turin ever write a serious book?
A
Yes, many of them
B
No, and he never wanted to
C
Yes, but only once
D
No, but he always wanted to
E
He was the master of gloomy books
Пояснение к вопросу 4: 
had never written or had the least desire = никогда не писал и не имел желания
Вопрос 5
Anybody,
who has the natural ability and education that Dave has, doesn`t have
to worry about getting a job. Is Dave likely to get a job?
A
Yes, without a doubt
B
No, because he worries too much
C
No, because he lacks ability
D
Yes, if he goes to college
E
Yes, if he had ability and education
Пояснение к вопросу 5: 
without a doubt = без сомнения
Вопрос 6
This
grant will enable the University to employ another assistant professor
of Jewish history, rounding out its program of Jewish studies
sufficiently to provide for a major specialist in the field. Before the
grant, there was no …
A
professor of Jewish studies
B
possibility to major in Jewish studies
C
demand for courses in Jewish studies
D
course in Jewish history
E
program of Jewish studies
Пояснение к вопросу 6: 
possibility to major in Jewish studies = возможность специализироваться на дисциплине Еврейские исследования
Вопрос 7
Whether
the horse had been bitten by a snake, or eaten bad food, or been
attacked by a sudden disorder, it was hard to say; but at all events,
his sickness was ill-timed and unfortunate. What caused the horse’s
illness?
A
it is uncertain
B
a disease
C
an injury
D
poison
E
bad food
Пояснение к вопросу 7: 
it is uncertain = неизвестно
disease = болезнь
injury = повреждение, рана
poison = яд
bad food = некачественная еда
Вопрос 8
An
Englishman arrived at a hotel in France. Above the hotel door he saw
words » All the languages are spoken in here». He addressed the
administrator in German, Spanish, English and etc. No answer was given.
He spoke to clerks in Italian, French and German. Nobody answered. He
became nervous and shouted:» Who on earth speaks those languages?».
A
An Englishman Gets a Reply.
B
A Clever Waiter.
C
Polyglot Boys at the University.
D
The Hotel Door Open to All.
E
Spoken Language in the Hotel.
Пояснение к вопросу 8: 
Spoken language in the hotel = язык, на котором говорят в гостинице.
Вопрос 9
He led Mr. Pickwick to a large room where Mr. Perker was sitting.
A
Mr. Pickwick was led to a large room where Mr. Perker was sitting.
B
Mr. Perker was sitting and he was led by Mr. Pickwick.
C
To a large room was led Mr. Pickwick by Mr. Perker where he was sitting.
D
Mr. Perker led him to a large room where Mr. Pickwick was sitting.
E
He was led by Mr. Pickwick to a large room where Mr. Perker was sitting.
Пояснение к вопросу 9: 
Mr. Pickwick was led to a large room where Mr. Perker was sitting =
Мистер Пиквик был проведен в большую комнату, где сидел мистер Перкер.
Вопрос 10
US
zoologist completed a list of living beings according to their ability
to cross the street safely. They claim that the goose is the first on
this safety list. It is very seldom that he gets run over. The pig and
the cat placed the second and third respectively, then follow the hen
and dog. Believe it or not, man is the last on this curious list.
A
1.man, 2.dog, 3.hen, 4.cat, 5.pig, … last.
B
1.goose, 2.dog, 3.man, 4.pig, 5.cat, … last. man
C
1.goose, 2.cat, 3.pig, 4.hen, 5.dog, … last. man
D
1.goose,2.pig, 3.cat,4.hen, 5.dog, … last. man
E
1.pig, 2.hen, 3.man, 4.cat, 5.dog, … last.man
Пояснение к вопросу 10: 
Последовательность списка: гусь, свинья, кошка, курица,собака, человек.
Вопрос 11
US
zoologist completed a list of living beings according to their ability
to cross the street safely. They claim that the goose is the first on
this safety list. It is very seldom that he gets run over. The pig and
the cat placed the second and third respectively, then follow the hen
and dog. Believe it or not, man is the last on this curious list. … is
the least cautious one to cross the street safely.
A
The hen.
B
The man.
C
The goose.
D
The dog and pig.
E
The cat.
Пояснение к вопросу 11: 
The man = человек оказался менее осмотрительным.
Вопрос 12
US
zoologists completed a list of living beings according to their ability
to cross the street safely. They claim that the goose is the first on
this safety list. It is very seldom that he gets run over. The pig and
the cat placed the second and third respectively, then follow the hen
and dog. Believe it or not, man is the last on this curious list. …
were the first to observe living beings cross the street safely.
A
US tax-inspectors
B
US policemen
C
UK Prime Minister
D
US zoologists
E
Other zoologists
Пояснение к вопросу 12: 
US tax-inspectors = американские налоговвые инспекторы
US policemen = американские полицейские
UK Prime Minister = премьер-министра Великобритании
US zoologists = американские зоологи
Other zoologists = другие зоологи
Вопрос 13
It`s all settled: he`ll do it for us.
This sentence means:
A
He has just agreed to do it.
B
It is necessary for him to do it.
C
It is his habit to do so.
D
He`ll settle it.
E
He is very kind.
Пояснение к вопросу 13: 
He has just agreed to do it — он только что согласился сделать это.
It is necessary for him to do it — ему необходимо сделать это.
It is his habit to do so — в его привычку входит делать это.
He`ll settle it — он уладит это.
He is very kind — он очень добрый.
Вопрос 14
The Wilsons had three children, … .
A
all of whom became musicians
B
and both of them are musicians
C
all who became musicians
D
two musicians and one is a salesman
E
all of them was a salesman
Пояснение к вопросу 14: 
all of whom became musicians = все из которых стали музыкантами.
and both of them are musicians = и оба из них стали музыкантами.
all who became musicians = все которые стали музыкантами (грамматически неверно).
two musicians and one is a salesman = два музыканта и один торгаш.
all of them was a salesman = все из них был торгаш (грамматически неверно).
Вопрос 15
The children, …, were not injured in the crash.
A
all of them frightened
B
seriously hurt in the crash
C
both of them were frightened
D
all of whom were frightened
E
all of whom were hurt
Пояснение к вопросу 15: 
all of them frightened = все из них были напуганы.
seriously hurt in the crash = серьезно пострадали в аварии.
both of them were frightened = они оба были напуганы.
all of whom were frightened = все из которых были напуганы.
all of whom were hurt = все из которых пострадали.
Вопрос 16
It wasn`t as good as … .
A
I would see something like that
B
I`d expected actually
C
every minute of it
D
particularly well
E
see it again
Пояснение к вопросу 16: 
I would see something like that = я бы увидел что-то наподобие этого;
I had expected actually = я ожидал на самом деле;
every minute of it = каждая минута этого;
particularly well = особенно хорошо;
see it again = увидеть это снова.
Вопрос 17
The teacher made the pupil bring a couple of English magazines.
A
The pupil got a couple of magazines thanks to the teacher.
B
The teacher looked through the English magazines brought by the pupil.
C
The English magazines were brought by the pupil.
D
The teacher got the pupil to bring some English magazines.
E
The teacher was forced to give the pupil a few English magazines.
Пояснение к вопросу 17: 
The pupil got a couple of magazines thanks to the teacher = ученик
получил пару журналов благодаря учителю
The teacher looked through the English magazines brought by the pupil =
учитель просмотрел английские журналы, которые принес ученик
The English magazines were brought by the pupil = английские журналы
принес ученик (дословно: были принесены учеником)
The teacher got the pupil to bring some English magazines = учитель
заставил ученика принести пару английских журналов
The teacher was forced to give the pupil a few English magazines =
учителя заставили дать ученику несколько английских журналов.
Вопрос 18
Before the ship had been sailing for 10 minutes I realized that Miss Brown was a remarkably uninteresting person.
A
That Miss Brown was a bore I realized before the boat had been under way for 10 minutes.
B
Ten minutes had passed when I realized that Miss Brown was a bore.
C
Miss Brown had been sailing for 10 minutes when I understood that she was shrewd.
D
During the voyage Miss Brown looked pretty well and happy.
E
After the ship had sailed ten minutes passed and I noticed that Miss Brown was exclusively dull.
Пояснение к вопросу 18: 
That Miss Brown was a bore I realized before the boat had been under
way for 10 minutes = то, что мисс Браун скучный человек, я понял прежде,
чем пароход пробыл в пути 10 минут
Ten minutes had passed when I realized that Miss Brown was a bore = 10
минут прошло, когда я понял, что мисс Браун скучный человек
Miss Brown had been sailing for 10 minutes when I understood that she
was shrewd = мисс Браун плыла уже 10 минут, когда я понял, что она
сообразительная
During the voyage Miss Brown looked pretty well and happy = во время
плавания мисс Браун выглядела красивой и счастливой
After the ship had sailed ten minutes passed and I noticed that Miss
Brown was exclusively dull = после того, как пароход проплыл прошло 10
минут и я заметил, что мисс Браун исключетельно занудная.
Вопрос 19
Fainting is caused by a sudden drop in the normal blood supply to the brain.
A
The brain faints when the normal blood supply drops.
B
Fainting occurs when the brain suddenly loses its normal blood supply.
C
Fainting happens when the brain gains its normal blood supply.
D
The blood reacts to a drop in the brain regularly.
E
The blood reacts to a drop in the normal blood supply to the heart.
Пояснение к вопросу 19: 
The brain faints when the normal blood supply drops = мозг отключается,
когда сокращается нормальный приток крови
Fainting occurs when the brain suddenly loses its normal blood supply =
Обморок происходит, когда мозг резко теряет нормальный приток крови
Fainting happens when the brain gains its normal blood supply = Обморок
происходит, когда мозг получает нормальный приток крови
The blood reacts to a drop in the brain regularly = кровь реагирует на
уменьшение в мозге регулярно
The blood reacts to a drop in the normal blood supply to the heart =
кровь реагирует на сокращение нормального притока крови к сердцу.
Вопрос 20
Although Bob seemed to be telling his friend the truth, Jack had a strange feeling that he was being deceived.
A
Bob told Jack the truth and the latter believed him.
B
Though Bob seemed to be frank with Jack, the latter realized that he was telling a lie.
C
In spite of Jack`s honesty, Bob guessed that his friend was frank with him.
D
Both friends were always honest and never deceived each other.
E
Though Bob regretted that he had been deceived by his best friend, he forgave him.
Пояснение к вопросу 20: 
Bob told Jack the truth and the latter believed him = Боб сказал Джеку
правду и последний поверил ему
Though Bob seemed to be frank with Jack, the latter realized that he was
telling a lie = хотя Боб, казалось бы, был искренним с Джеком,
последний понял, что он говорит неправду
In spite of Jack`s honesty, Bob guessed that his friend was frank with
him = несмотря на честность Джека, Боб догадался, что его друг был
искренним с ним
Both friends were always honest and never deceived each other = оба
товарища всегда были честны и никогда не обманывали друг друга
Though Bob regretted that he had been deceived by his best friend, he
forgave him = хотя Боб сожалел, что был обманут своим другом, он простил
его.
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