Биографии на английском языке

Biography of Albert Camus / Биография Альбера Камю

Major Works: The Stranger (1942), The Myth of Sisyphus (1942), The Plague (1947), The Rebel (1951) Major Ideas: Absurdity lies in the opposition between the human need for meaning, on the one hand, and the unconcerned and meaningless world, on the other. The presence of the absurd makes the problem…

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Biography of Hermann Hesse / Биография Германа Гессе

Hermann Hesse( 1877-1962) was a German-Swiss writer and painter. His work centers on the quest for individual authentic self-awareness and spirituality. After his death in 1962, the youth subcultures embraced Hesse work. This popularity was rooted in the fact that the countercultures were seeking the same enlightenment as many of…

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Biography of Heinrich Böll / Биография Генриха Бёлля

1902 Born on February 27 in Salinas, California. 1914-1918 World War I 1919 Graduates from Salinas High School 1919-1925 Attends classes at Stanford University, but never graduates. Intermittingly employed as a sales clerk, farm laborer, ranch hand, and factory worker 1925 Moves to New York City and briefly works as a newspaper…

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Biography of John Steinbeck / Биография Джона Стейнбека

John Steinbeck was born on February 27th, 1902, in Salinas, California (also called the “salad bowl of the nation” due to its incredibly fertile land), and lived the early part of his life in Monterey Bay County, California, which proved to be the setting for most of his fiction. The…

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Biography of Jean-Paul Sartre / Биография Жана-Поля Сартра

Jean-Paul Sartre (usually pronounced SARR-truh), 1905-1980, was born in Paris and was the cousin of the great humanitarian and musician, Dr. Albert Schweitzer. A student of the German phenomenologists Husser and Heidegger, Sartre developed his own existential viewpoint in the 1930’s and 1940’s. He introduced it to the public, not…

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Biography of Alexander Blok / Биография Александра Блока

Alexander Alexandrovich Blok was born into a gentry family on November 16, 1880. His father, a jurist and professor, was very authoritarian (there was “something frantic and scary” about him, Blok would write) and repeatedly abused his mother. Blok’s mother was the writer Alexandra KublitskayaPiottukh (born Beketova). She left Blok’s…

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Biography of Robert Anson Heinlein / Биография Роберта Хайнлайна

Robert Anson Heinlein came late to writing: his first story was sold at age 32, more than a decade after most writers start their writing careers. Writing was Heinlein’s third career, after the Navy and California politics — but it was the last, and it was the most important.  Heinlein was…

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Biography of Patrick Suskind / Биография Патрика Зюскинда

Born in 1949, Suskind was raised in Ambach, Germany, the eldest son of Wilhelm Emanuel Suskind, a writer and journalist best known in Germany for his collection of essays on language, Aus dem Worterbuch des Unmenschen. In 1968 Suskind entered the University of Munich to study history. He later completed…

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Biography of Kurt Vonnegut / Биография Курта Воннегута

Kurt Vonnegut, in full Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (born November 11, 1922, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.—died April 11, 2007, New York, New York), American writer noted for his wryly satirical novels who frequently used postmodern techniques as well as elements of fantasy and science fiction to highlight the horrors and ironies of…

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Biography of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel / Биография Георга Вильгельма Фридриха Гегеля

Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, in the south German state of Wiirttemberg, son of a middle-class civil servant. His professional career, pursued entirely outside his home state, did not begin until he was over thirty, and was interrupted between 1806 and 1816. His eventual rise to…

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Biography of Friedrich Schiller / Биография Фридриха Шиллера

Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller is born in Marbach, Wurttemberg on Nov. 10, 1759, where he spends most of his childhood. The family later moves to Lorch and Ludwigsburg in Wurttemberg. His parents send him to Duke Karl Eugen’s military school so the gifted boy can get a good education. But…

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Biography of Immanuel Kant / Биография Иммануила Канта

KANT, IMMANUEL (1724-1804). Immanuel Kant was born and spent his life in Konigsberg, Prussia, now Kaliningrad, Russia. Although his family was poor, Kant was educated in a good Pietist school and attended the University of Konigsberg from 1740- 1747. From 1747-1755 he worked as a private tutor for various families…

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Biography of Arthur Schopenhauer / Биография Артура Шопенгауэра

Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) was one of the most original and provocative thinkers of the nineteenth century. He spent a lifetime striving to understand the meaning of living in a world where suffering and death are ubiquitous. In his quest to solve “the ever-disquieting riddle of existence,” Schopenhauer explored almost every…

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Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche / Биография Фридриха Ницше

Nietzsche was born in Rocken, the Prussian province of Saxony, on October 15th, 1844. His father died when Nietzsche was five years old, hence, his childhood was spent with his mother, sister and two maiden aunts. At fourteen the young Nietzsche was awarded a scholarship to enter the preparatory school,…

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Biography Grace Kelly / Биография Грейс Келли

Grace Kelly, the future Princess of Monaco, was born in Philadelphia on November 12, 1929 in a catholic family from Irish origin. Her father built a fortune in Construction after participating in the US expeditionary force in France in 1917, and being twice a rowing Olympic champion in the early…

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Biography of Marlon Brando / Биография Марлон Брандо

Marlon Brando born in Omaha the year 1924. Known as Bud by the family, had two sisters. Over the years it had been rumored “Bud” was a ham operator or was interested in the Short Wave craft. It will be a difficult task to obtain a QSL, will keep at…

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Biography Bruce Willis / Биография Брюса Уиллиса

Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is an American actor, producer, and musician. His career began in television in the 1980s, most notably as David Addison in Moonlighting (1985–1989) and has continued both in television and film since, including comedic, dramatic, and action roles. He is well known for…

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Biography of Karl Ludwig Johann / Биография Карла Людвига Иоганна

Karl Ludwig GIESECKE (1761–1833), later known as Sir Charles Lewis GIESECKE the Dublin-based Professor of Mineralogy, was a pioneer geological explorer of Greenland in the years 1806–1813. After an early career in the late 18th Century centred around the Viennese theatre he eventually became a mineral dealer, and travelled extensively…

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Biography of Friedrich von Steuben / Биография Фридриха фон Штойбена

The most famous German-American soldier in the Revolution was Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben. Von Steuben’s service to the American Revolution was invaluable. It was von Steuben, who in the words of Alexander Hamilton, «introduced into the army a regular formation and exact discipline» and established a…

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Biography of John Pershing / Биография Джона Першинга

John Joseph Pershing was born in a small town in Missouri. He chose to make the military his career. Pershing attended the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated in 1886. After graduation Pershing served as a cavalry officer. He led the campaign against the Native American Chief…

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