топик Golf

Golf is a game in which players must hit a small, white ball into a small circular cup embedded in a circle of mown grass. To get to this cup, players must hit their ball over or through a landscape that includes rough grass, trees, and brush , as well as small lakes or streams and areas of sand. There are 18 cups, or holes, on a golf course, and players must complete each hole (numbered 1 to 18) before they can move on to the next one.

Players use different wood- and metal-faced clubs to do this. The player who completes the game with the least number of hits, or strokes , wins. The modern game of golf was first played near St. Andrews, Scotland, in the 1400s. Players used a stick or club to hit pebbles around the area’s sand dunes. At some point, hand-sewn leather balls filled with feathers replaced pebbles. Wooden clubs continued to be used because they did not rip the leather balls. The first rules of golf were set out by the Honorable Company of Edinburgh golfers in 1744. Around 1850, a solid, molded rubber ball was created. In 1905, a new technique improved the balls so that they were sturdier and could be hit farther with heavier clubs. Iron clubs were introduced in the early 1900s. Steel clubs were developed in 1925 and used until the 1980s.

Today, clubs are designed by computers and use space- age materials such as titanium and zirconia. During the 1800s, the British built golf courses in India, South Africa, Egypt, Hong Kong, and Australia. In North America, the first recorded game of golf was played near Montreal, Quebec, in 1826. The Royal Montreal Golf Club was founded in 1873, the first in North America. In 1888, Yonkers, New York, became home to the first golf course in the United States.


Pre-Reading Warm Up Questions

  1. Have you ever played golf?
  2. Is golf a popular game in your country?
  3. Do you know when and where golf was first played?
  4. Do you know what a golf course looks like?
  5. Do you know what materials were used to make the first golf balls and clubs?
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