топик John Adams



  1. John Adams was the 2nd president of the United States.
  2. John Adams was born in Massachusetts in 1735. His father was a farmer, a deacon , and a local politician. He encouraged John to seek a career outside of farming. John took his advice. At the age of 16, he went to study at Harvard. After he graduated, he became a teacher. He soon realized that he didn’t like teaching. In fact, he often let an older student teach while he read a book or a newspaper. Finally, John left teaching to become a lawyer.
  3. In 1761, John met Abigail, a minister’s daughter. Abigail was smart and witty , and very well-read. She and John had a lot in common. In 1764, John and Abigail got married. They were unusual for their time because they were true partners, best friends as well as husband and wife. Abigail, like John, loved politics, and both she and John were passionate about the patriot cause. John Adams valued Abigail’s opinions and advice throughout their married life.
  4. In 1768, John and Abigail moved to Boston where John became a very successful lawyer. In one case, he defended a group of British soldiers who had killed some Americans in a street brawl . Although Adams did not like the British government, he wanted the British soldiers to have a fair trial. He won the case. Because of his fairness , he earned the respect of both sides, the British and the Americans.
  5. From the 1760s on, John Adams actively protested British rule. He was tired of the high taxes and unfair regulations that the British had imposed on the colonists. In 1774, Adams, and other colonists, organized a big meeting to discuss colonists’ rights . This meeting was called the First Continental Congress. Twelve of the thirteen colonies sent delegates to Philadelphia to attend. Adams was a delegate. George Washington was also a delegate . A Second Continental Congress was organized in 1775.
  6. Adams played a very important role in both Continental Congresses. He helped to persuade the Congress to break ties with England. He nominated George Washington to be Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. He also convinced Thomas Jefferson to draft the Declaration of Independence. After the Continental Congress broke ties with England, Adams was sent to Europe as a diplomat for the United States. In France, he helped to negotiate the Treaty of Paris, which was the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War.
  7. In 1789, George Washington was elected president of the United States. John Adams was elected vice president. He served for two terms under Washington. In 1796, Adams was elected president of the United States. He was not a very successful president. Although he prevented a war with France, most of his other decisions and policies were unpopular with the American people. He was president for only one term. In 1800, he lost the election to Thomas Jefferson. Although he was not an outstanding president, John Adams, is honored as one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States.

 

Reading Warm Up Questions:

Note: Answer these questions before you read the text.

  1. What do you know about the American Revolution?
  2. What is a colony? What is a colonist?
  3. What was Adams known for before he became the second president of the United States?
  4. What do you know about John Adams’ presidency?
  5. What does the term “Founding Father” mean?
1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Loading...